About Directorate of Cashew Research

Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) is a tree native  of  Eastern  Brazil,  which  was  introduced to  India  by  the  Portuguese  in  the  16th  Century. Over  the  years,  cashew  became  a  crop  with  high economic value and is earning considerable foreign exchange  for  the  country.  Research  on  cashew  in India  was  first  initiated  in  the  early  1950s.  The Indian  Council  of  Agricultural  Research  (ICAR), sanctioned  ad  hoc  schemes  for  Research  Centres located at Kottarakkara (Kerala), Ullal (Karnataka), Bapatla  (Andhra  Pradesh),  Daregaon  (Assam) and  Vengurla  (Maharashtra).  In  1971,  ICAR  also sanctioned  an  All  India  Coordinated  Spices  and Cashew Improvement Project (AICS & CIP) with its headquarters  located  at  ICAR-Central  Plantation Crops  Research  Institute  (CPCRI),  Kasaragod.    The CPCRI Regional Station, Vittal, Karnataka was given the mandate to carry out research work on cashew while four Centres under different Universities (viz. Bapatla,  Vridhachalam,  Anakkayam  and  Vengurla) were assigned the research component on cashew under AICS & CIP. During the V and VI plan periods, three  more  Centres  (viz.  Bhubaneswar,  Jhargram and Chintamani) came under the fold of AICS & CIP and with shifting of work of Anakkayam Centre to Madakkathara.  The recommendations made by the Quinquennial  Review  Team  (QRT)  constituted  by ICAR  in  1982,  the  working  group  on  Agricultural Research and Education constituted by the Planning Commission  for  VII  Plan  Proposals  and  the  Task Force on Horticulture constituted by ICAR resulted in the establishment of National Research Centre for Cashew (NRCC) at Puttur on 18 June 1986. During the VII Plan period, AICS & CIP was bifurcated into two separate projects, one on cashew and another on spices. The headquarters of independent AICRP on  Cashew  was  shifted  to  the  newly  established NRCC,  Puttur  in  1986.  NRCC  was  upgraded  and renamed  as  Directorate  of  Cashew  Research (DCR)  by  ICAR  on  23  March  2009  under  XI  Plan. At  present,  the  AICRP  on  Cashew  is  operating  at 14  Centres  distributed  in  major  cashew  growing regions of the country. The prefix “ICAR” was added before  the  Institute  name  since  2014  as  per  the instruction of ICAR, New Delhi.



The main campus of ICAR-DCR is situated 5 km away from Puttur town at Mottethadka village of  Kemminje  (12.45°N  latitude,  75.15°E  longitude and  90  m  above  MSL).    The  main  campus  has an  area  of  69  ha  having  an  administrative  block, research  laboratories  and  field  experiment  plots. Besides,  the  Directorate  has  an  Experimental Station  at  Shantigodu,  located  13  km  away  from the main campus which has an area of 80 ha. The institute  is  conducting  and  coordinating  research on different aspects of cashew such as germplasm collection  and  conservation,  crop  improvement, crop  production,  crop  protection,  post  harvest technology and transfer of technology.



Accomplishing  self-sufficiency  in  raw cashewnut  production  and  maintaining  the premier  position  as  the  largest  producer, processor and exporter at the global level.



To  promote  overall  growth  through  the enhancement of production and productivity in cashew.



  • To undertake strategic, basic and applied research for enhancing productivity, quality, processing efficiency and value addition of cashew.
  • To serve as National Repository of genetic resources and scientific information on cashew.
  • To coordinate All India Coordinated Research Project on Cashew for addressing location and region specific problems.
  • To promote capacity building through transfer of technology and consultancy services to



The Director is the administrative head of the Directorate. The Institute Management Committee (IMC), Research Advisory Committee (RAC) and Institute Research Committee (IRC) assist the Director in the matters relating to the management and research activities of the directorate respectively (Fig. 2.1). The research and extension on various aspects of cashew are conducted in five sections viz., Crop improvement, Crop management, Crop protection, Post harvest technology and Transfer of technology. The institute also has different laboratories for sections of Horticulture, Soil Science, Plant Breeding, Plant Physiology, Biotechnology, Plant Protection and Postharvest Technology. The other facilities available at the directorate include Audio Visual Laboratory, Priority Setting, Monitoring and Evaluation Cell (PME), Institute Technology Management Unit (ITMU), Agricultural Knowledge Management Unit (AKMU), Vigilance Cell, Women cell, Library and Museum. The Directorate also functions as headquarter for the All India Coordinated Research Project on Cashew.



The Directorate has got a well-established library in the field of cashew research. The library is serving as an Information Centre on all aspects of cashew research and development in the country. The CD database viz. CABHORT, CABPEST, AGRICOLA and AGRIS, SOIL CD, CROP CD, PLANTGENE CD and TROPAG CD and online CAB database are also available. The library is equipped with automation software and barcoding facility. The library has 1938 books and 2030 back volumes of various journals. The library subscribes 35 national and 2 international journals. The library is a member of Consortium of Electronic Resources on Agriculture (CeRA), New Delhi. Tech-Focuz digital library software is also available for CD Database search.

The Agricultural Knowledge Management Unit (AKMU) was established with the responsibility of developing Information and Communications Technology (ICT) in agricultural research, maintaining the Institute’s network, the website and the webserver administration. The AKMU is managing the internet facilities and wifi connectivity at the Directorate. The Institute Technology Management Unit (ITMU) was established for intellectual property management and transfer/commercialization of agricultural technologies developed. At this Directorate, ITMU takes care of commercialization of technologies developed by ICAR-DCR, Puttur.



The Institute has a sanctioned strength of 17 scientific, 19 technicals, 15 administrative,  19 skilled support staff and 1 canteen staff, of which 13 scientists, 11 technical staff, 7 administrative staff and 18 skilled support staff are in position and the remaining are vacant