Last updated on: 11th July, 2024
ICAR-Directorate of Cashew Research





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  • Nitin K.S., P. Shivarama Bhat, T.N. Raviprasad and K. Vanitha. 2017. Biology, Behaviour and predatory efficiency of Sycanus galbanus Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Harpactorinae recorded in Cashew plantations. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 5(2): 524-530.
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  • Srikumar K. K., P. S. Bhat, T. N. Raviprasad, K. Vanitha, P. L. Saroj and D. P. Ambrose. 2014. Biology and Behavior of Six Species of Reduviids (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Harpactorinae) in a Cashew Ecosystem. Journal of Agricultural and Urban Entomology, 30: 65-81.
  • Srikumar K.K., P.S. Bhat, K. Vanitha, T.N. Raviprasad and Rajamohana. 2015. Phenology and parasitization behavior of Telenomus cuspis (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) an egg parasitoid of Helopeltis antonii (Hemiptera: Miridae). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences. 82 (2): 437-442.
  • Srikumar K.K., P.S. Bhat, T.N. Raviprasad & K. Vanitha. 2014. Biology, behavior and functional response of Cydnocoris gilvus (Heteroptera: Reduviidae: Harpactorinae) a predator of Tea Mosquito Bug (Helopeltis antonii Sign.) on cashew in India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 6 (6): 5864–5870.
  • Srikumar, K.K., P. Shivarama Bhat, T.N. Raviprasad and N.K. Krishna Kumar. 2012. Fauna of spiders in cashew ecosystem – Technical bulletin No. 24, ICAR-DCR, Puttur.
  • Sundararaju, D. (1993a). Studies on the parasitoids of the mosquito bug, Helopeltis antonii Sign. (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) on cashew with special reference to Telenomous (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae). J. Biol. Control 7: 6-8.
  • Sundararaju, D. (2002). Description of endoparasitism in nymphs and adults of Helopeltis infesting cashew. Journal of Plantation Crops, 30 (3): 66-68.
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  • Vanitha K., P.S. Bhat, T.N. Ravi Prasad and K.K. Srikumar. 2016. Biology and behavior of purple boxer mantis, Ephestiasula pictipes (Hymenopodidae: Mantodea) under captive breeding. International Journal of Pest Management, 62 (4): 308-318.
  • Vanitha K. and Santhosh Sreevihar. 2016. First report of egg parasitism in Tropical tasar silkworm (Antheraea mylitta Drury) occurring on cashew. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 8 (7): 9045-9047.
  • Vanitha, K. and P.L. Saroj. 2015. Insect pests of cashew and their management. DCR Technical Bulletin No. 27. 68p.
  • Vanitha, K. 2015. A report on the occurrence of eulophid parasitoids on the Cashew Leaf Miner Acrocercops syngrammaMeyrick (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). Journal of Threatened Taxa, 7(12): 7933 –7936.
  • Vanitha, K., P.S. Bhat and T.N. Raviprasad. 2017. Mantid fauna of cashew plantations, seasonal occurrence and biology of few species. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 45 (4): 327-333.
  • Vanitha, K., P.S. Bhat, T.N. Raviprasad and K.K. Srikumar. 2015. Species composition of ants in cashew plantations and their interactions with cashew. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, India: Biological Section, B. DOI: 10.1007/s40011-015-0600-3.
  • Vanitha, K., TN Raviprasad and V Shwetha. 2018. Lifecycle of Eocanthecona furcellata (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) a predatory bug in cashew plantations, upon rearing on wax moth larvae. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 6 (2): 3007-3010.



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  • Vanitha K. and T. N. Raviprasad. 2021. Artificial nests conserve important native bees, Braunsapis pollinating cashew. Current Science, 121 (1): 127-132.
  • Vanitha Kaliaperumal, Ankita Gupta, Venkatesan Thiruvengadam, Arati Pannure and Ashika Thotambailu Raghavendra (2022): Biological notes on nesting biology, development and natural enemies of Braunsapis mixta, a pollinator of cashew. Journal of Apicultural Research, DOI: 10.1080/00218839.2022.2028965.



  • Pal, S. and Medda. P.S. 2006. Occurrence of wild silk moth, Cricula trifenestrata (Helfer) on cashew, Anacardium occidentale under Terai conditions of West Bengal. The Orissa Journal of Horticulture, 34 (1): 117.
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  • Vanitha, K., U.C. Javali, P.S. Bhat. 2017. Rearing success of tasar silkworm on cashew – its ecorace, biology and comparative silk properties. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9 (1): 150 -155.