Last updated on: 11th July, 2024
ICAR-Directorate of Cashew Research
+91-0821-231530
director.dcr@icar.gov.in

PUBLICATIONS

SELECTED REFERENCES (RELATED TO BENEFICIAL ARTHROPODS IN CASHEW)

 

NATURAL ENEMIES

  • Ambrose D. P. 2006. A checklist of Indian assassin bugs (Insecta: Hemiptera: Reduviidae) with taxonomic status, distribution and diagnostic morphological characteristics. Zoos Print Journal, 21:2388-2406.
  • Bhat P.S., K.K. Srikumar, T.N. Raviprasad, K. Vanitha, A. Asokan and R. Rebijith. Biology, behavior, functional response and molecular characterization of Rhihirbus trochantericus Stal. var. luteous (Reduviidae: Harpactorinae), a potential predator of TMB. Entomological News, 123, (4):264-277.
  • Bhat, P.S. and Raviprasad, T.N. (1996). Pathogenicity of entomopathogenic fungi against cashew stem and root borer Plocaederus ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Journal of Plantation Crops, 24: 265-271.
  • Bhat, P.S., Sundararaju, D. and Ravi Prasad T.N. (2002). Integrated management of insects, pests and diseases in cashew. Indian Cashew Industry. (Eds. Singh, H.P., Balasubramanian, P.P. and Hubbali, V.N.). DCCD, Cochin, India.
  • Devasahayam, S. (1989). Erythmelus helopeltidis Gahan (Hymenopera: Mymaridae) a new parasite of Helopeltis antonii on cashew. J. Bombay Nat..Hist. Soc., 86: 113.
  • K.K. and Bhat, P.S. (2013c) Biology of the tea mosquito bug, Helopeltis theivora Waterhouse on Chromolaena odorata (L.) and notes on its egg parasitoids. Chilean J. Agricultural Res., 73 (3): 309-314.
  • Maruthadurai, R. and Singh, N.P. 2017. A report on occurrence of aphidophagous predators of Aphis odinae (van der Goot) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in cashew ecosystem from Goa, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 9, 2, 9858–9861. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2435.9.2.9858-9861.
  • Nitin K.S., P. Shivarama Bhat, T.N. Raviprasad and K. Vanitha. 2017. Biology, Behaviour and predatory efficiency of Sycanus galbanus Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Harpactorinae recorded in Cashew plantations. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 5(2): 524-530.
  • Pathummal Beevi, S., Abraham, C. C. and Veeraraghavan, P. C. 1993. Occurrence of parasitoids in association with pests of cashew. Journal of Plantation Crops, 21(2): 110-117.
  • Peng, R.K., Christian, K. and Gibb, K. (1998). Management of Oecophylla smaragdina colonies in cashew plantations to control the main cashew insect pests. Sixth Australasian Applied Entomological Research Conference, Brisbane, Australia, 2: 332.
  • Peng, R.K., Christian, K. and Gibb, K. (1999). The effect of colony isolation of the predacious ant, Oecophylla smaragdina (F.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), on protection of cashew plantations from insect pests. International Journal of Pest Management, 45: 189-194.
  • Pillai, G.B., Dubey, O.P. and Vijay Singh. (1976). Pests of cashew and their control in India-. A review of current status. Journal of Plantation Crops, 4: 37-50.
  • Rai, P. S. 1984. Handbook on cashew pests. N. K. Sharma of Research Co. Publications. 124p.
  • Srikumar K. K., P. S. Bhat, T. N. Raviprasad, K. Vanitha, P. L. Saroj and D. P. Ambrose. 2014. Biology and Behavior of Six Species of Reduviids (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Harpactorinae) in a Cashew Ecosystem. Journal of Agricultural and Urban Entomology, 30: 65-81.
  • Srikumar K.K., P.S. Bhat, K. Vanitha, T.N. Raviprasad and Rajamohana. 2015. Phenology and parasitization behavior of Telenomus cuspis (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) an egg parasitoid of Helopeltis antonii (Hemiptera: Miridae). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences. 82 (2): 437-442.
  • Srikumar K.K., P.S. Bhat, T.N. Raviprasad & K. Vanitha. 2014. Biology, behavior and functional response of Cydnocoris gilvus (Heteroptera: Reduviidae: Harpactorinae) a predator of Tea Mosquito Bug (Helopeltis antonii Sign.) on cashew in India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 6 (6): 5864–5870.
  • Srikumar, K.K., P. Shivarama Bhat, T.N. Raviprasad and N.K. Krishna Kumar. 2012. Fauna of spiders in cashew ecosystem – Technical bulletin No. 24, ICAR-DCR, Puttur.
  • Sundararaju, D. (1993a). Studies on the parasitoids of the mosquito bug, Helopeltis antonii Sign. (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) on cashew with special reference to Telenomous (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae). J. Biol. Control 7: 6-8.
  • Sundararaju, D. (2002). Description of endoparasitism in nymphs and adults of Helopeltis infesting cashew. Journal of Plantation Crops, 30 (3): 66-68.
  • Sundararaju, D. 1984. Cashew pests and their natural enemies in Goa. Journal of Plantation Crops, 12: 38-46.
  • Vanitha K., P.S. Bhat, T.N. Ravi Prasad and K.K. Srikumar. 2016. Biology and behavior of purple boxer mantis, Ephestiasula pictipes (Hymenopodidae: Mantodea) under captive breeding. International Journal of Pest Management, 62 (4): 308-318.
  • Vanitha K. and Santhosh Sreevihar. 2016. First report of egg parasitism in Tropical tasar silkworm (Antheraea mylitta Drury) occurring on cashew. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 8 (7): 9045-9047.
  • Vanitha, K. and P.L. Saroj. 2015. Insect pests of cashew and their management. DCR Technical Bulletin No. 27. 68p.
  • Vanitha, K. 2015. A report on the occurrence of eulophid parasitoids on the Cashew Leaf Miner Acrocercops syngrammaMeyrick (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). Journal of Threatened Taxa, 7(12): 7933 –7936.
  • Vanitha, K., P.S. Bhat and T.N. Raviprasad. 2017. Mantid fauna of cashew plantations, seasonal occurrence and biology of few species. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 45 (4): 327-333.
  • Vanitha, K., P.S. Bhat, T.N. Raviprasad and K.K. Srikumar. 2015. Species composition of ants in cashew plantations and their interactions with cashew. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, India: Biological Section, B. DOI: 10.1007/s40011-015-0600-3.
  • Vanitha, K., TN Raviprasad and V Shwetha. 2018. Lifecycle of Eocanthecona furcellata (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) a predatory bug in cashew plantations, upon rearing on wax moth larvae. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 6 (2): 3007-3010.

 

POLLINATORS

  • Belavadi, V. and K.N. Ganeshaiah. 2013. Insect pollination manual. NICRA Project on Effects of Climate Change on Pollinator Populations. Published by Department of Agricultural Entomology, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore. 47p.
  • Bhattacharya, A. (2004) Flower visitors and fruit set of Anacardium occidentale. Ann Bot Fenn., 41 :385–392.
  • Freitas, B.M and Paxton, R.J. (1998) A comparison of two pollinators: the introduced honey bee Apis mellifera and an indigenous bee Centris tarsata on cashew Anacardium occidentale in its native range of NE Brazil. J Appl Ecol., 35 (1):109–121.
  • Freitas, B.M. (1997) Changes with time in the germinability of cashew (Anacardium occidentale) pollen grains found on different body areas of its pollinator bees. Rev Bras Biol., 57 :289–294.
  • Freitas, B.M. (1997). Number and distribution of cashew (Anacardium occidentale) pollen grains on the bodies of its pollinators, Apis mellifera and Centris tarsata. Journal of Apicultural Research, 36: 15-22.
  • Freitas, B.M. and Paxton, R.J. (1996) The role of wind and insects in cashew (Anacardium occidentale) pollination in NE Brazil. J Agric Sci., 126 :319–326.
  • Reddi, E.U.B. (1993) Pollination studies of cashew in India: an overview. In: Veeresh GK, Umashaankar R. and Ganeshaiah, K.N. (eds) Proceedings of international symposium on pollen tropical, UAS, Bangalore, pp 321–324.
  • Sundararaju, D. (2000) Foraging behaviour of pollinators on cashew. The Cashew, 14:17-20.
  • Sundararaju, D. (2003) Occurrence of bee fauna and extent of pollination in insecticide sprayed ecosystem of cashew. J Palynol., 39:121–135.
  • Sundararaju, D. (2011) Studies on extent of pollination and fruit set in cashew. J Plant Crops, 39 (1):157–160.
  • Vanitha K. and T.N. Raviprasad. 2019. Pollinators of cashew, their foraging behaviour of Cashew Research, Puttur, and conservation measures. ICAR – DCR Technical Bulletin No. 30, P. 32.
  • Vanitha, K. and T.N. Raviprasad. 2019. Diversity, species richness and foraging behavior of pollinators in cashew. Res., 8 (2):197–206
  • Vanitha K. and T. N. Raviprasad. 2021. Artificial nests conserve important native bees, Braunsapis pollinating cashew. Current Science, 121 (1): 127-132.
  • Vanitha Kaliaperumal, Ankita Gupta, Venkatesan Thiruvengadam, Arati Pannure and Ashika Thotambailu Raghavendra (2022): Biological notes on nesting biology, development and natural enemies of Braunsapis mixta, a pollinator of cashew. Journal of Apicultural Research, DOI: 10.1080/00218839.2022.2028965.

 

SILK WORM

  • http://www.fnbnews.com/Top-News/Silk-production-potential-of-insect-pest-of-cashew-identified-by-KAU-team.
  • Pal, S. and Medda. P.S. 2006. Occurrence of wild silk moth, Cricula trifenestrata (Helfer) on cashew, Anacardium occidentale under Terai conditions of West Bengal. The Orissa Journal of Horticulture, 34 (1): 117.
  • Prasad, B.C. & Rath, S.S. & Nagendra, S. & Sinha, B.R.R.P. (2004). Cashew: Another food plant for tropical tasar silkworm. 43. 17-18.
  • Vanitha, K., U.C. Javali, P.S. Bhat. 2017. Rearing success of tasar silkworm on cashew – its ecorace, biology and comparative silk properties. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9 (1): 150 -155.